Some spreadsheet templates will require you to use formulas or functions to perform calculations.

**Formulas**

Formulas are equations that add, subtract, multiply, or divide numbers that are entered in the cells. Formulas always begin with an **equals sign (=)**, contain **values or cell addresses**, and use one or more of the following **mathematical symbols**:

**+**to add**-**to subtract*****to multiply**/**to divide

For example, you can type **=A8-B8** into a cell to subtract the contents of cell B8 from cell A8. Or you can type **=A8+B8** to add their contents together.

Alternatively, you can type in the values instead of the cell addresses. For example, you can type **=55219-18363** into the cell.

Once you press Enter on your keyboard or click outside of the cell, the calculation will be performed and you’ll see the result inside the cell.

**Functions**

Functions** **also start with an equals sign (=) and include a series of values or cell addresses. But unlike formulas, functions also contain a **name** and **parentheses** around the values or cell addresses. The function name (e.g., “FV” or “NPV”) describes what the function is calculating (e.g., future value or net present value).

For example, by typing **=FV(B2, B3, B4, B5)** into a cell, you would be calculating the future value of the contents of cells B2, B3, B4, and B5.

Whether you use values or cell addresses in functions, remember that they must be **separated by commas**.

Once you’ve added all the cell addresses or values to your function, press Enter on your keyboard or click outside of the cell to perform the calculation.

If you have any questions, click the Messenger button in the lower right corner. You can also contact us using the information below.

888-240-0314

Monday–Friday 9 a.m.–9 p.m. ET

Saturday–Sunday 1 p.m.–9 p.m. ET